Thermal insulation is a protective system of the building that saves energy for heating in winter and makes sure that your house will not overheat in summer. Thermal insulation will save money throughout the year. Insulation of exterior walls, roof, windows and doors protects the building from damaging external influences, such as moisture or frost, and it extends its life. Also, thermal insulation helps to solve the problem of dangerous toxic mold and mildew in the home that arise due to inadequate temperature.
The best insulating materials
Nowadays, most applied materials are mineral wool and polystyrene. The effectiveness of the thermal insulation in the first place depends on the application in a particular part of the building, the expected mechanical loads, climatic and biological influences, etc. The most effective thermo-insulating materials with regard to mechanical and insulating properties would be mineral wool as an excellent thermal, acoustic and fire insulation. This particularly applies to the new generation of mineral wool produced on the basis of natural, non-chemical binders. Stone wool, for example, is a high-quality solution for the thermal, acoustic and fire insulation of external walls and flat and pitched roofs; glass wool as insulation within the walls and pitched roofs, while polystyrene is a very good solution for insulating basement walls and floors exposed to the increased penetration of water and moisture. In practice, however, is rather widespread application of expanded polystyrene, especially for financial reasons, since it is a cheaper material.
The most important areas for insulation
The most important thing are well insulated exterior building walls. Construction section that takes up most of the surface area is also the largest source of so-called transmission losses. In the example of the family house, the most visible effect can be achieved by thermal insulation of the ceiling towards the unheated attic or the slope of residential loft. Floor insulation’s effect is slightly smaller, but this is a very important segment in order to achieve a pleasant indoor air, and to eliminate ‘the effect of cold feet’.
Think about everything
When installing the thermal insulation, the most important thing is consistency, because there is no purpose in insulating the walls, and at the same time forget about the roof or ‘save’ on the windows. Often, the little things we don’t think about, despite the effort, can deny us the pleasure in a warm house and increase bill costs. Pay attention to the thermal bridges, windows and doors, blinds, radiators and hot water pipes.
Benefits of insulation
If you live in an apartment, the protection of any cracks between windows and walls will keep the heat that would otherwise be lost. Also, boxes for roller blinds have high heat losses, hence the need to isolate them. Cash costs of residential isolation is minimal, in the long run. The savings that can be achieved by insulating the family home are much higher. This investment ensures the long-term solution to the problem, and lasts up to 50 years, and all subsequent savings enrich the family budget. Moreover, insulating reconstruction of family houses and residential buildings, according to valid insulation grants of course, can save up to 50 percent of regular heat consumption, thus protecting the environment as well.
It is your decision whether you want to continue to pay huge bills or with smart investment and smart use of energy, save money and afford a more comfortable and safer conditions for residence and life.